Dubai, also written Dubayy, is the capital and largest city of the emirate of Dubai. It is one of the richest of the seven emirates that make up the United Arab Emirates. It gained independence from the United Kingdom in 1971. The root of the word Dubai is the subject of many hypotheses. Some believe it refers to a market that once existed near the city, while others believe it refers to the data, a locust species that infests the region. Recently, a research has compared Dubai with Singapore and Hong Kong, and it is regarded as the premier port city of the Middle East. All in all, the area is 13.5 square miles (35 square km) in size, with about 2,645,581 people living there.
The city expanded quickly as it became a major center of the pearl-diving industry, from modest beginnings as a small fishing community first recorded in the 18th century. The city flourished further in the early twentieth century when its business-savvy ruling family reduced taxes and welcomed foreign traders. It quickly became a re-exporting center for Persia and India.
Dubai began to rely on trade and attracting investment in the second half of the twentieth century, channeling oil surpluses into large development ventures. Such as an international airport, dry docks, and a trade center. Initially, the city started to diversify in the 1990s, focusing on luxury tourism, real estate, and finance. These positions demanded highly skilled foreign employees, and many migrated to Dubai for tax-free pay and a comparatively secure political climate. With expatriates from all over the Arab world and Asia, Europe, and North America, the city acquired a cosmopolitan feel. It was famous as being one of the region’s most liberal communities.
The City’s Character
Dubai is a skyscraper-studded city with ports and beaches, where big industry coexists with sun-seeking tourism. It has the appearance of a Middle Eastern melting pot due to its vast expatriate population, and the environment is usually tolerant. Religious affiliations are not a big deal in the area. Even though Islam is the most widely practiced faith in Dubai, churches and Hindu temples coexist alongside mosques.
Dubai is a comparatively crime-free city that has seen phenomenal growth thanks to organizational productivity and market transparency. However, criticizing Dubai’s totalitarian government and the ruling class is not tolerated, and covert corruption exists.
Limited stretches of sandy beaches in Dubai’s western region have aided the city’s tourism industry. Dubai’s rulers wanted to expand the city’s small seafronts. So, the planners were forced to construct massive human-made islands off the city’s coast in the absence of natural offshore islands. The most familiar is Palm Jumeirah, whose shape is like a palm tree. The “World” islands, for example, are a cluster of small islands arranged to mimic a world map as seen from above.
City site and layout
On the southern Persian Gulf’s shores, Dubai straddles a natural inlet known as Dubai Creek. Since the early city’s dependence on fishing, pearl diving, and maritime commerce, the region was Dubai’s center for more than a century. The oldest buildings in Dubai line the creek, the majority of which date from the 1960s and are rarely more than two floors tall. Some much older buildings have been rebuilt in the Bastakiyyah quarter, on the creek’s western bank. All of them include the distinctive wind tower architecture that Persian traders brought to the United States in the early twentieth century.
Sheikh Zayed Road is lined with skyscrapers, forming the modern city center. The Emirates Towers, which were constructed in the late 1990s and early 2000s and house a hotel and government offices, are notable. The Dubai International Financial Centre, located in a sleek arch-shaped structure, is close to Sheikh Zayed Road. Moreover, it is the Burj Khalifa, which was the world’s tallest building at the time of its official opening in 2010; it was named after the United Arab Emirates and emir of Abu Dhabi Khalifa Bin Zayed al-Nahyan. Several wealthy suburbs lay to the west of the skyscrapers, the bulk of which contain substantial villas. On their outskirts stands the Burj al-Arab, a massive sail-shaped tower that houses a luxurious hotel. Additionally, new skyscraper clusters surround a human-made marina and several human-made lakes farther west.
Dubai, like most of the Persian Gulf coast, has a hot climate all year. Summers are hot and humid, while the rest of the year is mild. Typically, the coldest month of winter is January, with lows of about 15 °C (49 °F). In contrast, July is the hottest summer month, with temperatures of more than 40 °C (104 °F).
Over the last two decades, Dubai’s population has slowly risen, from a few thousand residents to well over two million. The bulk of the early population rise was attributed to merchants from neighboring countries relocating to Dubai because of its business-friendly climate. The city’s building boom in the late twentieth century resulted in a large influx of South Asian laborers and professional expatriates from all over the world, who play an essential role in Dubai’s multi-sector economy. Expatriates vastly outnumber Emiratis in the region. Expatriates of different nationalities are scattered across Dubai, except laborers housed in work camps outside the city limits. About the fact that Arabic is the official language, English is the lingua franca.
While there are significant Christian, Hindu, and Sikh populations, the local community is predominantly Muslim, as is most of the expatriate population. The different cultures coexist comfortably due to the ruling family’s respect for non-Muslims and the city’s emphasis on industry. Around the same time, there have been cases when foreign nationals have defied courtesy rules or drug bans.
Dubai’s economy is not dependent on oil, contrary to common opinion. Between the 1960s and the 1990s, the tiny oil resources it did have were used to boost other parts of the economy by developing physical infrastructure. Dubai’s economy is still based on trade, with two of the world’s biggest ports and a thriving international air freight hub. The Jebel Ali free-trade zone was developed in the 1980s to draw industrial investment; it is home to aluminum smelting, automobile manufacturing, and cement manufacturing.
Services in finance and other fields
Activities aimed at attracting international investment have expanded in the twenty-first century. Several free zones, such as Jebel Ali, have been created to enable foreign companies to operate without a local partner from Dubai. These have been hugely popular, with the most extensive housing over 6,400 businesses, many European or North American. The city began marketing itself as a high-end tourism destination in the 1990s, devoting a significant portion of its GDP to lavish resorts and attractions.
Dubai started allowing foreign developers to buy 99-year leases on assets in 1998, allowing the real estate market to thrive. The Dubai International Financial Centre, which first opened its doors in 2006, is designated as an autonomous legal authority in the UAE constitution. Thus, it functions under a distinct economic and civil structure based on English common law. This agreement is for foreign financial firms looking to set up shops in the Middle East. These firms will take advantage of Dubai’s geographic location to bridge the time zones between Europe and East Asia’s leading financial centers. The real estate and banking markets also collapsed in 2009 as a result of the global credit crisis. Dubai avoided defaulting on its commitments thanks to a $10 billion loan from Abu Dhabi, and the real estate industry quickly recovered.
Dubai is not a friendly city for pedestrians, with large highways, a hot climate, and a year-round reliance on the air conditioning so that car traffic can be hefty. New bridges, sidewalks, and a fully autonomous, driverless metro rail system have eased the frustrations of getting around the city in the early twenty-first century. The Dubai-owned airline Emirates, which runs a vast and new aircraft fleet, has had a significant impact on tourism.
Administration And Society
Dubai Municipality is one of the country’s central government entities. It is overseen by a director-general, who reports to the chairman of Dubai Municipality, a member of the ruling family. The director-general is in charge of six sectors and 34 offices, totaling approximately 11,000 employees. The municipality handles public utilities and is also a significant contributor to the emirate’s economic development.
While Dubai’s electricity and water supply have largely kept pace with the city’s population increase, other utilities. Such as waste disposal, have been criticized for falling behind. Parks and recreational parks have been widely built and preserved, with the city’s green space significantly in the 2010s.
Health care in Dubai is usually of high quality for people with private medical benefits. It has many private hospitals, including the American Hospital Dubai. The government maintains a variety of different clinics for people without insurance.
There are two types of education: private and public. The majority of public schools and all universities teach in English. While the most private schools and all universities teach in Arabic. There are two well-known local universities
1. American University in Dubai – founded in 1995
2. Zayed University – founded in 1998
The majority of the employees are from other countries, with a sizable contingent from North America.
Dubai’s art and film industries flourished in the early twenty-first century. It exhibits the annual Art Dubai fair with modern art & the Dubai International Film Festival featuring local and international films. The Dubai Museum, located in an 18th-century castle, houses artifacts and exhibitions from its early history and indigenous culture. There are many branches of Dubai’s public library system in the capital. And also, there is a variety of bookshops throughout the city’s shopping malls.
Dubai hosts a large number of important sporting events. As a result, its popularity as a tourist destination has skyrocketed. The Dubai World Cup is the richest horse race globally. And the Dubai Desert Classic is a famous European Professional Golfers’ Association (PGA) Tour event.
The city’s media sector is now split between government-run television and newspapers. Mostly heavily censored, and foreign media firms that work out of Dubai Media City. This purpose-built complex serves as a regional media hub.